Historical Sketches, Volume I (Newman, John Henry. Historical Sketches. Volume I. Fifth Edition. London : Pickering and Co. 1882.)
Dedication to « My Lord », Bishop of Kerry, David Moriarty.
Historical account ; Newman seems to be teaching an audience who knows little or nothing about the topics.
Newman mentions news of 1882 : Collision between Russians and Turks.
- Tartary (Middle Ages to Twentieth Century term used)
- The Region and the Tartars (for Newman, Tartars include : Scythians, Massagetae, Sarmatians, Huns, Moguls, Turks etc.) (p. 10) Thus, Kalmucks, Cossacks. (p. 11)
- Tartar Habits
- Conflict between North and South
About ancient Tartar history :
- Herodotus quote
Lecture 1 : The Tribes of the North
A very hard description of the Tartars, savage, non- cultured people description of them : « he may be even said to live on horseback… » (p.4) « the fable has been current that he has a centaur’s nature, half man and half beast. » (Ibid)
« But when the savage finds himself in closed in the continent and the wilderness, he draws the domestic animals about him, and constitutes himself the head of a sort of brute polity. He becomes a king and father of the beasts, and by the economical arrangements which this pretension involves, advances a first step, though a low one, in civilization, which the hunter or the fisher does not attain. » (p.3-4)
« They would not know to construct a polity, how to conduct a government, hot to organize a system of slavery, or to digest a code of laws. » (p.9) He continues about describing them as people of war, soldiers to be, already equipped to attack. (p. 6) Not as peaceful people, living in their environment.
Newman generalizes ;
«I have thrown the various inhabitants of the Asiatic plain together, under one description, not as if I overlooked , or undervalued , the distinction of races, but because I have no intention of committing myself to any statements on so intricate and interminable a subject as ethnology. » (p.10)
For him, skulls, skins and languages are not essentials to divide groups but rather « place » and « climate ». (p. 10) Putting people all together but not discriminating specific groups.
End of Lecture 1
Note : Newman uses the words, slavery and barbarians.
♦ ♦ ♦ ♦
 Newman, Historical 1, 10. For Newman, Tartars include : Scythians, Massagetae, Sarmatians, Huns, Moguls, Turks etc.) (p. 10)
Newman, Historical 1, 11. Newman assumes climate create habits.